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A review paper exclusively on the Granier sap flow method was published by Dr. Ping LU of CSIRO Australia in 2004.
Lu P, Urban L and Zhao P. 2004. Granier's thermal dissipation probe (TDP) method for measuring sap flow in trees: theory and practice. Acta botanica Sinica, 46: 631-646 (Please click here to download and read this paper).

Till Dec 2010, this paper has been cited 41 times by SCI journals.

INTRODUCTION to our popular PS-TDP8 Sap Flow System (download here).

Literature on Granier sap flow system

(please feel free to contact [email protected] to request any publication by Lu P.)

Method and Review

Granier, A. 1985. Une nouvelle méthode pour la mesure du flux de sève brute dans le tronc des arbres. Ann. Sci. For. 42:193-200.

Granier, A. 1987a. Evaluation of transpiration in a Douglas-fir stand by means of sap flow measurements. Tree Physiol. 3:309-320.

Granier, A. 1987b. Mesure du flux de sève brute dans le tronc du Douglas par une novelle méthode thermique. Ann. Sci. For. 44:1-14.

Lu P, Urban L and Zhao P. 2004. Granier's thermal dissipation probe (TDP) method for measuring sap flow in trees: theory and practice. Acta botanica Sinica, 46: 631-646

Granier A, Biron P, Breda N, et al. 1996. Transpiration of trees and forest stands: Short and long term monitoring using sapflow methods. Glob Change Biol. 2: 265-274

Granier, A., Biron, P., Kostner, B., Gay, L.W. and Najjar, G. 1996. Comparisons of xylem sap flow and water vapour flux at the stand level and derivation of canopy conductance for scots pine. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 53, 115-122.

Granier A, Anfodillo T, Sabattim, et al. 1994. Axial and radial water-flow in the trunks of oak trees- a quantitative and qualitative analysis. Tree Physiol. 14: 1383-1396

Phillips, N., R. Oren and R. Zimmermann. 1996. Radial patterns of xylem sap flow in non-, diffuse- and ring porous tree species. Plant Cell Environ. 19:983-990

Lu P., Muller W. and Chacko E.K. 2000. Spatial variations in xylem sap flux density in the trunk of orchard-grown, mature mango trees under changing soil water conditions. Tree Physiol. 20: 683-692.

Lu, P. 1997. A direct method for estimating the average sap flux density using a modified Granier measuring system. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 24:701-705.

Clearwater, M.J., Meinzer, F.C., Andrade, J.L., Goldstein, G. and Holbrook, N.M. 1999. Potential errors in measurement of non-uniform sap flow using heat dissipation probes. Tree Physiology, 19:681-687.

Kostner B., Granier A., Cermak J. 1998. Sap flow measurements in forest stands: methods and uncertainties. Ann. Sci. For. 55: 13-27

Wullschleger, S.D., Meinzer, F.C. and Vertessy, R.A. 1998. A review of whole-plant water use studies in trees. Tree Physiology, 18:499-512.

Some other papers

Breda N., Granier A. Aussenac G. 1995. Effect of thinning on soil and tree water relations, transpiration and growth in an oak forest (Quercus petraea (Matt) Liebl). Tree Physiol.15: 295-306

Breda N, Granier A. 1996. Intra- and interannual variations of transpiration, leaf area index and radial growth of a sessile oak stand(Quercus petraea). Annales des Sciences Forestieres 53: 521-536

Cabibel, B. and Isberie, C. 1997. Flux de sève et alimentation hydrique de cerisiers irrigués ou non en localisation. Agronomie, 17:97-112.

Dambrine E., Carisey N., Pollier B., Girard S., Granier A., Lu P. and Biron P. 1992. Dynamique des elements mineraux dans la seve xylemique d'un peuplement d'epiceas deperissants. Annales des Sciences Forestieres, 49:489-510.

Granier A, Breda N, Biron P, et al. 1999. A lumped water balance model to evaluate duration and intensity of drought constraints in forest stands. Ecol. Model 116: 269-283

Granier A, Breda N. 1996. Modeling canopy conductance and stand transpiration of an oak forest from sap flow measurements. Annales des Sciences Forestieres 53: 537-546

Granier A, Huc R, Barigah ST 1996. Transpiration of natural rain forest and its dependence on climatic factors. Agr. Forest Meteorol 78: 19-29

Granier A. Loustau D. 1994. Measuring and modeling the transpiration of a maritime pine canopy from sap flow data. Agr. Forest Meteorol. 71: 61-81

Kostner B, Biron P, Siegwolf R, et al. 1996. Estimates of water vapor flux and canopy conductance of Scots pine at the tree level utilizing different xylem sap flow methods. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 53: 105-113

Lu P., Biron P., Breda N and Granier A. 1995. Water relations of Norway Spruce (Picea abies (L) Karst) under soil drought in the Vosges mountains: water potential, stomatal conductance and transpiration. Annales des Sciences Forestieres, 52: 117-129.

Lu P., Biron P., Granier A. and Cochard H. 1996. Water relations of Norway Spruce (Picea abies (L) Karst) under soil drought in the Vosges mountains: whole-tree hydraulic conductance, xylem embolism and water loss regulation. Annales des Sciences Forestieres, 53: 113-121.

Lu, P. and E.K. Chacko. 1997. Xylem sap flow measurement in mango trees. Acta Hort. 455:339-350.

Lu, P. and E.K. Chacko. 1998. Evaluation of Granier’s sap flow meter in mango (Mangifera indica L.) trees. Agronomie, 18:461-471.

Lu P., Woo K.C., Liu Z.T. 2002. Estimation of whole-plant transpiration of bananas using sap flow measurements. Journal of Experimental Botany 375,1771-1779.

Lu P. 2002. Measurement of whole-tree water use of some tropical and subtropical tree crops and its application in irrigation management. Acta Horticulturae. 575, 781-789.

Blaikie S.J. Chacko E.K., Lu P. and Muller W.J. 2001. Productivity and water relations of field-grown cashew: a comparison of sprinkler and drip irrigation. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 41, 663-673

Roupsard O, Ferhi A, Granier A, et al. 1999. Reverse phenology and dry-season water uptake by Faidherbia albida (Del.) A. Chev. in an agroforestry parkland of Sudanese west Africa. Funct. Ecol. 13: 460-472

Saugier B, Granier A, Pontailler JY, et al. 1997. Transpiration of a boreal pine forest measured by branch bag, sap flow and micrometeorological methods. Tree Physiol. 17: 511-519

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